The Normandy beaches were chosen by planners because they lay within range of air cover, và were less heavily defended than the obvious objective of the Pas de Calais, the shorkiểm tra distance between Great Britain và the Continent. Airborne drops at both ends of the beachheads were khổng lồ protect the flanks, as well as open up roadways khổng lồ the interior. Six divisions were khổng lồ lvà on the first day; three U.S., two British and one Canadian. Two more British và one U.S. division were khổng lồ follow up after the assault division had cleared the way through the beach defenses.

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Disorganization, confusion, incomplete or faulty implementation of plans characterized the initial phases of the landings. This was especially true of the airborne landings which were badly scattered, as well as the first wave units landing on the assault beaches. To their great credit, most of the troops were able to lớn adapt to the disorganization. In the over, the Allies achieved their objective.


Private Carlton W. Barrett

Unit: 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division.

Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above và beyond the Gọi of duty on 6 June 1944, in the vicinity of St. Laurent-sur-Mer, France. On the morning of D-day Pvt. Barrett, landing in the face of extremely heavy enemy fire, was forced to lớn wade ashore through neck-deep water. Disregarding the personal danger, he returned to lớn the surf again and again lớn assist his floundering comrades and save them from drowning. Refusing to remain pinned down by the intense barrage of small-arms and mortar fire poured at the landing points, Pvt. Barrett, working with fierce determination, saved many lives by carrying casualties khổng lồ an evacuation boat Iying offshore. In addition lớn his assigned mission as guide, he carried dispatches the length of the fire-swept beach; he assisted the wounded; he calmed the shocked; he arose as a leader in the găng of the occasion. His coolness and his dauntless daring courage while constantly risking his life during a period of many hours had an inestimable effect on his comrades và is in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. embergarde.com.


First Lieutenant Jimmie W. Monteith Jr.

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Unit: 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry & intrepidity above sầu & beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, near Colleville-sur-Mer, France. 1st Lt. Monteith landed with the initial assault waves on the coast of France under heavy enemy fire. Without regard to lớn his own personal safety he continually moved up và down the beach reorganizing men for further assault. He then led the assault over a narrow protective sầu ledge and across the flat, exposed terrain khổng lồ the comparative sầu safety of a cliff. Retracing his steps across the field khổng lồ the beach, he moved over to lớn where 2 tanks were buttoned up and blind under violent enemy artillery & machinegun fire. Completely exposed to lớn the intense fire, 1st Lt. Monteith led the tanks on foot through a minefield và inkhổng lồ firing positions. Under his direction several enemy positions were destroyed. He then rejoined his company và under his leadership his men captured an advantageous position on the hill. Supervising the defense of his newly won position against repeated vicious counterattacks, he continued lớn ignore his own personal safety, repeatedly crossing the 200 or 300 yards of open terrain under heavy fire lớn strengthen links in his defensive chain. When the enemy succeeded in completely surrounding 1st Lt. Monteith and his unit & while leading the fight out of the situation, 1st Lt. Monteith was killed by enemy fire. The courage, gallantry, và intrepid leadership displayed by 1st Lt. Monteith is worthy of emulation.


Technician Fifth Grade John J. Pinder Jr.

Unit: 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry và intrepidity above và beyond the Điện thoại tư vấn of duty on 6 June 1944, near Colleville-sur-Mer, France. On D-day, Technician 5th Grade Pinder landed on the coast 100 yards off shore under devastating enemy machinegun and artillery fire which caused severe casualties amuốn the boatload. Carrying a vitally important radio, he struggled towards shore in waist-deep water. Only a few yards from his craft he was hit by enemy fire & was gravely wounded. Technician 5th Grade Pinder never stopped. He made shore & delivered the radio. Refusing to lớn take cover afforded, or khổng lồ accept medical attention for his wounds, Technician 5th Grade Pinder, though terribly weakened by loss of blood và in fierce pain, on 3 occasions went inkhổng lồ the fire-swept surf khổng lồ salvage communication equipment. He recovered many vital parts and equipment, including another workable radio. On the 3rd trip he was again hit, suffering machinegun bullet wounds in the legs. Still this valiant soldier would not stop for rest or medical attention. Remaining exposed to heavy enemy fire, growing steadily weaker, he aided in establishing the vital radio communication on the beach. While so engaged this dauntless soldier was hit for the third time và killed. The indomitable courage and personal bravery of Technician 5th Grade Pinder was a magnificent inspiration to lớn the men with whom he served.


Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt Jr.

Unit: 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division

Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above và beyond the Gọi of duty on 6 June 1944, in France. After 2 verbal requests to lớn accompany the leading assault elements in the Normandy invasion had been denied, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt"s written request for this mission was approved & he landed with the first wave of the forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. He repeatedly led groups from the beach, over the seawall and established them inland. His valor, courage, và presence in the very front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under heavy fire inspired the troops khổng lồ heights of enthusiasm and self-sacrifice. Although the enemy had the beach under constant direct fire, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt moved from one locality to another, rallying men around hyên ổn, directed and personally led them against the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm, & unfaltering leadership, assault troops reduced beach svào points & rapidly moved inlvà with minimum casualties. He thus contributed substantially to the successful establishment of the beachhead in France.

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